European Climate & Weather Conditions Information
If one brings in his baggage an umbrella, a light raincoat he will be prepared for most weather conditions in Europe. Of course the climate is very different across Europe as well as across each particular country. Currents in the Atlantic Ocean usually moderate the temperatures along the western coasts, but still the climate of larger country territories can vary of temperatures and weather conditions. If we take the Alps as a main dividing line for the European climate conditions, summer in the northern parts are mild but winter can be really cold and wet, while south of the Alps summers are usually hot and dry and winters damp and cool. However, the temperatures are cooler at high elevations in the mountainous areas.
Western Europe Climate
(Britain, Ireland, Holland, Luxembourg, France and Belgium,) is characterized by its mild maritime winters, with colder weather to the east and stronger rainfalls to the west. Summers are temperate and are getting cooler towards the northern parts.
Eastern and Central Europe Climate
(Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Hungary, Poland, Lithuania, Switzerland and Austria) has moderate summer with the temperatures are usually around 25 degrees Celsius, while winters are pretty cold, damp and cloudy. The Eastern and Central Europe has 4 distinct seasons - rainy springs and autumns, snowshowers in the mountainous areas during the winter and temperate to even warm summers.
Mediterranean and Southern Europe Climate
(southern France, Monaco, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey and Croatia) shine in sunlight throughout most of the year, the winter is usually very mild while it can get very hot and dry during the summer and rainy in springs and autumns.
European countries measure temperature in Celsius rather than Fahrenheit; for an easy and rough conversion from Celsius one should double the temperature and add 30, e.g. 10° C = 10 + 10 + 30 = about 50° F.
Northern Europe Climate
(Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Denmark) has a moderate pleasant climate due to the effect of the Gulf Stream. Winters can be cool, though the southern parts of Northern Europe are milder with average temperature of around 0 degree C. Summers are really pleasant as it is seldom over 26° Celsius. The Midnight Sun is can be viewed non-stop in summer in the most northern areas. Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights are visible in the sky over parts of Europe, with the best observing from September to March, north of the Arctic Circle.